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BOTRYOMYCOSIS

Synonyms:  Granular bacteriosis  Bacterial pseudomycosis Introduction  Botryomycosis (named for its characteristic groups of granules that resemble grapes) is a rare, chronic, purulent and granulomatous bacterial infection that primarily affects the skin and is most often caused by S. aureus. Epidemiology and pathogenesis  Botryomycosis is found worldwide, and over two-thirds of patients have only skin involvement.Continue reading “BOTRYOMYCOSIS”

STREPTOCOCCAL TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME

Synonyms:  Streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome  Toxic streptococcal syndrome GELAS MROSSO M.D Introduction Streptococcal TSS is a rapidly progressive, life-threatening illness caused by infection with toxin-producing group A streptococci. Epidemiology and pathogenesis Streptococcal TSS mainly affects healthy individuals between 20 and 50 years of age.  A disruption of the cutaneous barrier usually serves as the portalContinue reading “STREPTOCOCCAL TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME”

SCARLET FEVER

Synonym:  Scarlatina GELAS MROSSO M.D Introduction  Primarily a disease of children, scarlet fever was often fatal in the preantibiotic era. The erythematous exanthem and enanthem are due to toxins produced by group A β-hemolytic streptococci. Epidemiology and pathogenesis  Scarlet fever is caused by streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins (SPEs) types A, B and C (also referred toContinue reading “SCARLET FEVER”

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